passion


passion
passion n
1 suffering, agony, dolor, *distress, misery
Analogous words: *trial, tribulation, cross, visitation, affliction
2 *feeling, emotion, affection, sentiment
Analogous words: inspiration, frenzy: *ecstasy, rapture, transport
3 lust, appetite, *desire, urge
Analogous words: craving, coveting (see DESIRE vb): longing, yearning, hungering or hunger, thirsting or thirst (see LONG vb): panting, aspiring, aiming (see AIM vb)
4 Passion, fervor, ardor, enthusiasm, zeal denote intense, high-wrought emotion.
Passion implies an overwhelming or driving emotion; it may be either the most abstract or the most concrete of these terms. It may be used without implication of a specific emotion; thus, a poet without passion is a poet incapable of feeling or of displaying vehement, agitating, or soul-stirring emotion; to be in the grip of passion is to be swayed by violent emotion, but without a hint from the context the nature of the emotion remains unknown
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Knipe also knew that passion was powerful, heady stuff, and must be prudently dispensed— Dahl

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Passion (see also FEELING, DESIRE) may specifically designate intense erotic love, or often lust, or it may designate violent rage
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she flew into a passion

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I am very sorry, good Horatio, that to Laertes I forgot myself . . . but, sure, the bravery of his grief did put me into a towering passion—Shak.

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Fervor and ardor both imply the kindling of emotion to a high degree of heat, but fervor more often suggests a steady glow or burning and ardor a restless or leaping flame. Fervor is associated especially with matters (as emotions that express themselves in prayer, contemplation, or devotion) involving persistent warmth; ardor, with those (as emotions that express themselves in eager longings, or zealous efforts) that suggest the violence and sometimes the transitoriness or wavering of flames
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the fervor of a nun

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the ardor of a missionary

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exhort with fervor

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dampened his ardor

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all prayed and hunted quail with equal fervor and died ... at an advanced age— Styron

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in the prints of Harunobu there is an intense sympathy with youth, with its shyness, its tremulous ardorsBinyon

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Enthusiasm often comes very close to ardor, but it may differ in its emphasis on the rational grounds for the emotion, such as thoroughgoing admiration for a person or thing or conviction of the worthiness of a cause or end. Ardor may suggest aspiration without a clearly envisioned goal, but enthusiasm nearly always implies an objective, a cause, or an object of devotion; thus, a teacher may stimulate ardor in a pupil without necessarily directing the latter's emotion into a definite channel, but he stimulates enthusiasm only when he provides the pupil with something concrete to admire, to follow, or to fight for
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he showed in this cause not only the enthusiasm of an idealist, but the sagacity of a practical leader— Inge

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they are both weary of politics today, still radicals out of habit, but without enthusiasm and without a cause— Mailer

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Zeal retains from earlier senses a suggestion of a goading or driving passion expressed as great ardor or enthusiasm for a cause or end and coupled with energetic and unflagging activity in the service of the cause or in the pursuit of the end
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with all the zeal which young and fiery converts feel— Byron

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it took the Franciscan movement about twenty years to lose the passion of its early zealHuxley

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worked in almost silent zeal and entire absorption— Buck

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Analogous words: *ecstasy, rapture, transport: *anger, rage, fury, wrath: eroticism, amorousness (see corresponding adjectives at EROTIC)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PASSION — On note avec étonnement la quasi disparition du terme passion dans le vocabulaire de la psychologie contemporaine, qui utilise bien plus volontiers les concepts de tendance, d’affect ou de pulsion. La notion ne figure même pas à l’index de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Passion — Pas sion, n. [F., fr. L. passio, fr. pati, passus, to suffer. See {Patient}.] 1. A suffering or enduring of imposed or inflicted pain; any suffering or distress (as, a cardiac passion); specifically, the suffering of Christ between the time of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • passion — pas·sion / pa shən/ n: intense, driving, or overpowering feeling or emotion; esp: any violent or intense emotion that prevents reflection see also heat of passion Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Passion — Sf Leidenschaft; Darstellung der Leidensgeschichte Christi erw. fremd. Erkennbar fremd (14. Jh.) Entlehnung. Im Mittelhochdeutschen (mhd. passiōn m., passie) entlehnt aus kirchen l. passio ( ōnis) Leiden Christi , aus spl. passio ( ōnis) Leiden,… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • passion — [pash′ən] n. [OFr < LL(Ec) passio, a suffering, esp. that of Christ (< L passus, pp. of pati, to endure < IE base * pē , to harm > Gr pēma, destruction, L paene, scarcely): transl. of Gr pathos: see PATHOS] 1. a) Archaic suffering or… …   English World dictionary

  • passion — (n.) late 12c., sufferings of Christ on the Cross, from O.Fr. passion, from L.L. passionem (nom. passio) suffering, enduring, from stem of L. pati to suffer, endure, from PIE root *pei to hurt (Cf. Skt. pijati reviles, scorns, Gk. pema suffering …   Etymology dictionary

  • Passion — Passion: Das seit mhd. Zeit bezeugte Substantiv (mhd., mnd. passie, später mhd. passiōn) erscheint zuerst mit der auch heute noch üblichen Bedeutung »Leiden‹sgeschichte› Christi«. Dazu stellen sich Zusammensetzungen wie »Passionszeit« und… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • passion — [n1] strong emotion affection, affectivity, agony, anger, animation, ardor, dedication, devotion, distress, dolor, eagerness, ecstasy, excitement, feeling, fervor, fire, fit, flare up, frenzy, fury, heat, hurrah, indignation, intensity, ire, joy …   New thesaurus

  • Passion — Pas sion, v. i. To suffer pain or sorrow; to experience a passion; to be extremely agitated. [Obs.] Dumbly she passions, frantically she doteth. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • passion — ► NOUN 1) very strong emotion. 2) intense sexual love. 3) an outburst of very strong emotion. 4) an intense enthusiasm for something. 4) (the Passion) the suffering and death of Jesus. DERIVATIVES passionless …   English terms dictionary


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